The Planck Length and the proton radius


A CBU is just a scaled up version of a UB. The size of a UB is a Planck Length, therefore the size of a CBU will always have the same numeric value as the Planck Length.

This “scaling” property of the Universe means that the various formulae that we will work out on the most basic scale will remain valid for all the other scale levels, only the scale factor will vary.
The scale factor for a CBU will depend on the number of UBs composing the side length of a CBU. This number is the square root of the total number of UBs composing a CBU. The precise value does not matter here because we are looking for a scale factor.



We have seen that a disruption in the alternating pattern of CBUs represents a proton. Therefore the size of a proton should be the size of a CBU. Although a CBU has got a size, it is meaningless to give it a shape, if it had a shape, it would not be a basic unit anymore. The same applies to a proton, although it is common to give it the shape of a sphere.

The proton radius can be measured using either an electron or a muon. Experiments show that there is an unexplained discrepancy between the two measurements. The 3D Universe theory explains this discrepancy with the following figures:



From the above figures and using the official numeric value of the Planck Length (1.6162) we deduce the following formulae:



The numbers are very close to the official values, this gives a good indication that the size of the proton is a scaled up version of the Planck Length.


Definition of the Basic Unit of Time:

We have seen previously that we could represent a CBU (as seen by an external observer) as a rectangular prism with the following three dimensions (in UBs):



We have seen that to update a present layer, the “present” needs to travel through 2 layers of CBUs.

The distance to travel is:


This distance represents a Basic Unit of Time.



From the above figure, we deduce that the dimension of a Basic Unit of Time will be 3 times the scaled up time value of a UB. The time value of a UB is 5.391 x 10-44 sec. We have seen previously that the scaling factor for a CBU is 1020, therefore:

Basic Unit of Time = 3 x 5.391 x 10-44 x 1020 = 1.617 x 10-23 sec

To summarise the above, we could represent a CBU, as seen by an internal observer, with the following dimensions:



This means that a “present” layer is updated every 1.617 x 10-23 sec.

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